Fiber Types

Flooring is arguable one of the most important elements of a home.  Not only does it provide a vital function, it adds an important decorative element and can significantly contribute to a room’s overall atmosphere.  Your floor creates a canvas upon which all other home decor is showcased, and one goal is to provide you with a floor that achieves the lifestyle you want most.

We believe that flooring is the foundation for each room, and provides a sense of comfort and calm.  Your space reflects your unique inspirations, which affect our lives and all who share time with us.  We recognize a comfy sofa mixed with soft blankets, allow us to relax from the stress of our busy lives.  Our goal is to help you add to that positive impact by providing an array of products for you. 
 
If you’re ready to dig your toes info something cushy at home, we’ve got great news!  Carpeting is making a comeback.  And thanks to the latest manufacturing technologies it is softer and more durable than ever.

The type of flooring used in any room has a huge impact on the space, not just in terms of comfort but in the decorative style of the room.  Colors, patterns and the overall sense of ambiance, mood and style.  Decoratively speaking, there should be a mix of solids and patterns to coordinate with your flooring.  Scatter the thought and place them wherever focus is needed to create the perfect look and feel.  
 
While carpet in neutral tones in the enduring favorite, the news styles are available in a broad range o spectacular colors and eye popping patterns.

Buying new carpet can be overwhelming, simply so many choices and decisions to be made.  Here are a few do’s ad don’ts as you begin your journey of finding the perfect floor.

Do Your Research
Get a basic understanding of fibers, face weight, density, and stain protection methods, as this will give you an overall sense of factors, how it will perform, and why one product may cost more than the other. 

Pay Attention to a Few Facts
Face weight, even though not a final factor, does play a part in the over all product.  Carpet face weight refers to the weight of the fiber found in one square yard of carpet.  The face weight is measured in the ounces found in one square yard of carpet from the top of the backing up. The higher the face weight, the more carpet fiber is used to create the final carpet. The other factors to consider are density, fiber and construction.  

Density.  Again not the final factor as many equations go into the density, however just as with face weight, it is a good indicator of carpet quality.  Density of a carpet is one of the man factors that help determine a carpet’s quality and overall performance.  Despite a common misconception, carpet density and carpet face weigh are not interchangeable terms that mean the same thing, although face weight is one factor used to calculate density.  Face weight and density are two entirely different components when it come to evaluating the quality of carpet.  Density refers to how closely the carpet fibers are tufted into the backing. In other words, this is how many carpet fibers are placed into the backing.  The higher the density, the more fibers will be “stuffed" in your carpet, creating a longer life and greater comfort.
 
Calculate Carpet Density
1.  Carpet face weight multiplied by 36
2.  Divided by carpet pile height
3.  Equals density, measured in ounces per cubic yard
The number that results our the above density calculation will be a four-digit number.  
 
Judging Carpet Quality
Don’t use one factor alone as an indicator to carpet’s overall quality.  All factors work together to determine how the carpet will look and perform.  Each of these factors must all be taken into consideration the making a decision on the appropriate carpet for your home.
 
For optimal performance in normal household conditions, a density value of 2900 or higher is ideal.  Extra heavy traffic conditions such as commercial usage, closer to 5000 would be recommended.

Know Your Fibers
Not all carpet fibers are created equal, but each fiber has a positive impact in it’s own way.  One fiber is not always better than another.  Each fiber type has its own strengths, but the construction of the carpet has an equally big impact on how the carpet will perform.  Carpet is a big investment so make sure you are buying a product that is best for your particular situation.  Every fiber available has an important role to play, depending on the circumstance use.  This can be budget, foot traffic, how often you change your carpet, etc.  

Choosing a Synthetic Fiber
Whichever type of fiber you choose, be sure you can live with the trade off advantages and disadvantages.  No fiber is completely perfect, but with proper selection you will choose the carpet that best suits your individual need.

Nylon is one of the most well-known synthetic fibers.  It has been considered the ultimate carpet fiber.  In general, nylon a strong fiber with high resiliency.  Nylon does have some disadvantages:  it is more expensive than other synthetics, and contains less natural stain resistance, although it is generally treated with a stain protection.

Polyester is a very versatile fiber that has been used for long time in carpeting floors.  Historically viewed as a lower quality fiber versus nylon.  However, there have been many technological advancements in polyester production, and as a result, is more durable than ever.  A big advantage of polyester is its built in stain resistance. Another bonus is the polyester carpets of today are made of recycled materials, making them more environmentally friendly than their nylon counterparts.  So in conclusion, some advantages to the polyester is less cost, more stain resistant, and environmentally friendly.  

Triexta is one of the newest fibers currently.  Triexta essentially comes from he same “root” as polyester, with a few differences, and some people refer to a polyester and triexta as cousins.  Many triexta carpets are made using biotechnology that utilized corn glucose in the manufacturing process, making the carpets eco-friendly as well.  

Olephin is commonly found in looped styles.  It has an appearance of wool. Olefin is considered a less durable fiber than most other synthetics, and as such is usually limited to products of low to moderate traffic areas, where residency isn’t as crucial. However, olefin is extremely stain resistant and so well suited to areas prone to spills.  It is also very fade resistant and one of the least expensive fibers.  
 
We sometimes compare shopping for carpet similar to the way we shop for cars.  At each stage of life we have different needs for our cars whether it be the teen years or family years.  Each circumstance is different in household and carpet as well, requiring diverse needs of fiber, budgets, luxuries, and different construction types.  It’s the whole reason why we drive different cars at different stages.  All of this can get very overwhelming, but we want to make it as simple as possible, and help you get the the best carpet for your needs.  Feel free to contact us and talk with us at anytime.  Flooring is all we do and we are here to help.  Call, email or chat with us at any time.
 
 
Fiber is carpet's basic ingredient. The type of fiber used and the way the carpet is constructed determine how well the carpet will stand up to spills, pets, and daily traffic.

Approximately 97 percent of all carpet is produced using synthetic fibers that are designed to feature style, easy maintenance, and outstanding value.

There are eight basic Carpet Fiber Types.

Nylon: Is one of the most popular fibers. Wear-resistant, resilient, withstands the weight and movement of furniture, and provides brilliant color. It has the ability to conceal and resist soils and stains. Generally good for all traffic areas. Solution-dyed nylon is colorfast and stain resistant because color is added into the fiber when the yarn is in a melted solution.

Polyester: Noted for luxurious, soft hand when used in thick, cut-pile textures. Has excellent color clarity and retention. Easily cleaned and resistant to water-soluble stains. Solution-dyed polyester is colorfast and stain resistant because color is added into the fiber when the yarn is in a melted solution.

Eco-Friendly Nylon: Is a recycled or recyclable version of a very durable and popular carpet fiber. Wear-resistant, resilient, withstands the weight and movement of furniture, and provides brilliant color. It has the ability to conceal and resist soils and stains. Generally good for all traffic areas.

Eco-Friendly P.E.T. Polyester: Is a yarn created from reclaimed polyester resins of two-liter soda bottles and ketchup containers. Commonly known as Pop Bottle Carpet, recycled PET (polyethyleneterephthalate) polyester carpet is uniquely strong and durable. The making of P.E.T.carpets starts out by sorting the P.E.T. bottles and then grinding them into small chips. The cleaned chips are then melted down and extruded into fiber before being spun into carpet yarn. Labels and caps from the P.E.T. holders are used to make the core, the roll that carpet is wrapped around. Since 1999 over 17 billion plastic bottles have been recycled, and that's saved one billion pounds of waste. The quality of our polyester resins remains unchanged through out there cycling process. Indeed, recycled PET has a higher melting point and higher density than nylon, which gives the carpet many superior characteristics. In general,our carpets tend to be heavier, thicker and more luxurious than conventional nylon carpets. Moreover, recycled polyester carpets consistently demonstrate superior stain resistance over nylon construction. Noted for luxurious, soft hand when used in thick, cut-pile textures. Has excellent color clarity and retention. Easily cleaned and resistant to water-soluble stains.

Blends: A blend can be any combination of any 2 fibers listed above. Berber or loop type carpets will blend nylon and olefin to give color contrast which gives you a unique look or pattern. Acrylic/olefin and nylon/polyester are other popular blends, offering good characteristics of each fiber.

Polypropylene (olefin): Strong, resists wear and permanent stains, and is easily cleaned. Notably colorfast because color is added during fiber production. Resists static electricity and is often used in both indoor and outdoor installations because of its resistance to moisture and mildew. Used in synthetic turf for sports surfaces, and in the home for patios and game rooms. Many Berbers and commercial loops are made of olefin.


Acrylic: Offers the appearance and feel of wool without the cost. Has low static level and is moisture and mildew-resistant. Commonly used in velvet and level-loop constructions, and often in bath and scatter rugs.

Wool: Noted for its luxury and performance, wool is soft, has high bulk, and is available in many colors. Generally, wool is somewhat more expensive than synthetic fibers.