Fiber Types

 
Fiber is carpet's basic ingredient. The type of fiber used and the way the carpet is constructed determine how well the carpet will stand up to spills, pets, and daily traffic.

Approximately 97 percent of all carpet is produced using synthetic fibers that are designed to feature style, easy maintenance, and outstanding value.

There are eight basic Carpet Fiber Types.

Nylon: Is one of the most popular fibers. Wear-resistant, resilient, withstands the weight and movement of furniture, and provides brilliant color. It has the ability to conceal and resist soils and stains. Generally good for all traffic areas. Solution-dyed nylon is colorfast and stain resistant because color is added into the fiber when the yarn is in a melted solution.

Polyester: Noted for luxurious, soft hand when used in thick, cut-pile textures. Has excellent color clarity and retention. Easily cleaned and resistant to water-soluble stains. Solution-dyed polyester is colorfast and stain resistant because color is added into the fiber when the yarn is in a melted solution.

Eco-Friendly Nylon: Is a recycled or recyclable version of a very durable and popular carpet fiber. Wear-resistant, resilient, withstands the weight and movement of furniture, and provides brilliant color. It has the ability to conceal and resist soils and stains. Generally good for all traffic areas.

Eco-Friendly P.E.T. Polyester: Is a yarn created from reclaimed polyester resins of two-liter soda bottles and ketchup containers. Commonly known as Pop Bottle Carpet, recycled PET (polyethyleneterephthalate) polyester carpet is uniquely strong and durable. The making of P.E.T.carpets starts out by sorting the P.E.T. bottles and then grinding them into small chips. The cleaned chips are then melted down and extruded into fiber before being spun into carpet yarn. Labels and caps from the P.E.T. holders are used to make the core, the roll that carpet is wrapped around. Since 1999 over 17 billion plastic bottles have been recycled, and that's saved one billion pounds of waste. The quality of our polyester resins remains unchanged through out there cycling process. Indeed, recycled PET has a higher melting point and higher density than nylon, which gives the carpet many superior characteristics. In general,our carpets tend to be heavier, thicker and more luxurious than conventional nylon carpets. Moreover, recycled polyester carpets consistently demonstrate superior stain resistance over nylon construction. Noted for luxurious, soft hand when used in thick, cut-pile textures. Has excellent color clarity and retention. Easily cleaned and resistant to water-soluble stains.

Blends: A blend can be any combination of any 2 fibers listed above. Berber or loop type carpets will blend nylon and olefin to give color contrast which gives you a unique look or pattern. Acrylic/olefin and nylon/polyester are other popular blends, offering good characteristics of each fiber.

Polypropylene (olefin): Strong, resists wear and permanent stains, and is easily cleaned. Notably colorfast because color is added during fiber production. Resists static electricity and is often used in both indoor and outdoor installations because of its resistance to moisture and mildew. Used in synthetic turf for sports surfaces, and in the home for patios and game rooms. Many Berbers and commercial loops are made of olefin.


Acrylic: Offers the appearance and feel of wool without the cost. Has low static level and is moisture and mildew-resistant. Commonly used in velvet and level-loop constructions, and often in bath and scatter rugs.

Wool: Noted for its luxury and performance, wool is soft, has high bulk, and is available in many colors. Generally, wool is somewhat more expensive than synthetic fibers.